How Nature Provides for Us

How Nature Provides for Us

“Therefore nature, if it produces nothing incomplete or in vain, necessarily has done all these things for the sake of human beings.” Aristotle, Politics What are ‘all these things’ of which Aristotle speaks here that nature has done? By the order of nature plants...
Cleaving the Earth with a Plow

Cleaving the Earth with a Plow

“The farmer cleaves the earth with his curved plow. This is his yearlong work, thus he sustains His homeland, thus his little grandchildren, His herds and trusty bullocks. Never a pause!” Virgil, The Georgics A man puts a plow in the earth. Behind a horse. He knows...
The Best Manure

The Best Manure

“We must observe what parts of the land must be manured, how the manure is to be applied, and the best kind to use; for there are several varieties. Cassius states that the best manure is that of birds, except marsh- and sea-fowl; and that the dung of pigeons is the...
The Mother of All Arts

The Mother of All Arts

“Whoever it was who said that agriculture is the mother and nurse of all other arts was right, because when agriculture is faring well, all the other arts are strengthened too; but wherever the land is forced into barrenness, all the other arts, whether based on land...
Fathers and Sons, and Gardens

Fathers and Sons, and Gardens

“The land provides the greatest abundance of good things, but doesn’t allow them to be taken without effort.” “Furthermore, the land also freely teaches justice to those who are capable of learning; for it does people favors in proportion to how well they serve it.”...

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